**Tool/Equipment Checklist** #

**Tool/Equipment Checklist**

- Cordless Drill
- Paddle Mixer for drill
- Leaf Blower
- Electrical Cord
- Floor Squeegee
- Broom
- Sealant Pump Toolbox
- Sealant Pump Suction Hose
- Sealant Pump Spray Hose
- Cleaner (Pinellen)
- Rubber Gloves
- Respirator
- Portable Barrier

**Pre-Spray Steps** #

**Pre-Spray Steps**

**Step 1: Inspection & Stain Removal**

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Upon arrival you must inspect the entire hardscape surface before sealing. You are looking for Rust stains, dirt stains, paint, stucco, and any joints that need additional sand.

*If you find any rust, dirt, paint or stucco stains these should be removed prior to sealing. These stains are to be removed during the cleaning and preparation phase, so if there are extensive stains that require chemical or pressure washer assistance to remove you will need to return to seal after the surface has been neutralized with “Wipeout” cleaner and allowed to dry.*

* *

**Step 2: Sand Application**

Once all stains have been removed you will need to manually add sand to areas identified lacking in step 1. If small amounts are needed simply add by hand and work into joint with broom. Once all joints are filled to top lip of paver stone you can move on to step 3.

**Step 3: Level Sand with Blower**

** **

Using a leaf blower (on lowest setting) level the amount sand in the joints to be sure they are about 1/8 of inch below the tip lip (bevel) of the paver stone. The sand should be 1/8 inch deep inside the joint.

*Blow off the loose excess sand and leaves before continuing.*

Joints that are still damp may need to be brushed with a broom prior to using the leaf blower to agitate damp sand allow for proper leveling.

**Step 4: Sealant Sprayer Setup** #

**Step 4: Sealant Sprayer Setup**

Equipment Required:

- Air Powered Sprayer Toolbox
- Green sprayer hose & brass spray wand
- Clear suction hose

*If the area to be sealed is larger then 500 sq. Ft. use the air powered sprayer otherwise you can use a pump sprayer instead of the air powered sprayer.*

- To use the air powered sprayer unreel the water fed pole (WFP) feed line / air hose close to the hardscape surface to be sealed.

- Once unreeled turn on the air compressor, Switch the water to air valve to position “B”. Once correct you should see water flowing out of the WFP/air hose.

Wait a few minutes until air pushes all the water out of the line prior to connecting to the air pump sprayer toolbox

- Inside of the Air Pump Sprayer toolbox you will find an adapter that allows you to connect the WFP/air hose to the Air sprayer tool box. Once the line is clear of water use the adapter to connect the air line the Air pump sprayer toolbox.

- Connect the green sprayer hose and brass wand to the Air Powered Sprayer Toolbox.

- Connect the clear suction hose to the Air Powered Sprayer Toolbox.

- Open Sprayer toolbox and turn on air supply by opening the air valve shown below when ready to spray sealant. Air Pump should not be turned on until suction hose has been inserted into sealant prepared in Step 5.

**Step 5: Mixing Sealant (Cat-5; 2 part ONLY)** #

**Step 5: Mixing Sealant (Cat-5; 2 part ONLY)**

Check the work order to determine which sealant to spray. If spraying CAT-5 sealant you will need to mix Parts A, B, and water together before spraying*. *

* *

If spraying 1 part sealants (i.e. cyclone, tsunami, breakwall, and seawall) you do not need to mix prior to spraying.

**Tsunami sealant must be sprayed with the pump sprayer as it will destroy the air powered pumps.**__ __

**Cat – 5 Instructions:**

** **

Cat-5 is a water based sealant that must be prepared in a very specific order.

You can create variations of sealant from 1 Cat-5 kit depending on how much water you mix into it.

First you must determine if you want stabilize the sand in the paver joints or just seal the paver stones alone.

Most times you will want to stabilize the sand in the joints so if unsure which to use go with the stabilizing flood coat.

The main difference is how much extra sealant you spray on the stones. If you flood the stones with sealant and then squeegee the excess into the joints this will harden the sand (stabilize it)

Each Cat-5 kit should include Part A (5 gallon bucket) and Part B (2x 1 gallon paint cans).

You can spray this flood coat with two different dilution ratios, D1 or D2.

Basically you can add more water to thin out the sealant helping to cover more area with less product. Usually D2 will require a second coat of D1 to ensure beautiful results.

The main reason to use the D2 (extra dilute) mixture is to help fully saturate paver stones without using too much sealant.

Its best if you can spray just 1 flood coat of D1 mixture; this way you can minimize the amount of time it take to complete the job.

If you find you can’t saturate the stone (sealant absorbs before you can squeegee) then you must add more water to reach D2 dilution and spray a second coat.

You should only mix up enough Cat-5 sealant for 1 flood coat of D1 cat-5 if possible. Remember you can always mix more , but once mixed the sealant will harden in about 90min so only mix as much as you plan on using.

**Mixture Instructions: ** #

**Mixture Instructions:**

*All Measurements are approximate; get as close as you can when measuring.*

* *

Step 1:

Determine if you are going to spray a sand stabilizing, flood coat, or just a lighter top coat ; 90% of time you will spray a sand stabilizing coat.

Step 2:

Determine if you want to spray a highly color enhancing mixture (D1) or a milder, less color enhancing mixture (D2).

*Usually will spray D1* Only use D2 if you can not get D1 mixtures to flood the surface*

[If you spray the stones and the sealant absorbs before you can squeegee you need to add more water to make the D2 solution. If using D2 you need to spray a second D1 coat to create a highly color enhanced look].

Step 3:

Calculate Amount of Part B needed

Step 4:

Calculate Amount of Part A needed

Step 5:**Critical Step**

* Pour Part B into Part A* (never pour Part A into Part B). After pouring mix for 30 seconds with cordless drill and beater attachment. Do not whip air into mixture! Use the drill on slowest setting.

**D1 (High Color Enhancement – Flood Coat): ***Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*

**D1 (High Color Enhancement – Flood Coat):**

*Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*To create a D1 (high color enhancing) mixture you need to first know the total area, in square feet.

For this example we will use 1200 sq.ft.

- To determine how much Cat-5 Part B required divide the area by 190 i.e. (1200 sq. Ft. / 190 = 6.31 quarts of Part B)

So to fully flood / soak 1200 sq. Ft. of pavers with D1 concentration Cat-5 you need 6.3 quarts of Part B. Since there are 4 quarts per gallon you need 1.5 gallons of Part B from your kit.

- To determine the amount of Part A, you need to multiply the amount of Part B by 2.5 to determine how much Part A you need.

So for this example 6.3 quarts of Part B * 2.5 = 15.75 quarts (~4 gallons) of Part A .

Mix Parts A + B together in a 5 gallon bucket making sure to **always add Part B to Part A.** Make sure to mix for 30 seconds with drill mixer; do not whip air into mixture.

- Next you need to add water to complete the mixture to determine that amount of water required you must multiply the amount of Part B by 4 to get the proper amount of water.

For this example 6.3 quarts Part B * 4 = 25.2 quarts or 6.3 gallons of water. * It is best to use the ultra purified water from our Reverse Osmosis filters*

*Mix the Part A + B + Water mixture for 30 seconds with drill mixer.* **Do not whip air into mixture.**

- Calculate total volume when all parts are mixed together before mixing.

- You need make sure you don’t overflow the bucket before mixing.

- Remember the bucket only holds 5 gallons total, so you may have to split the recipe in 1/2 to be sure it fits into the bucket.

For this example you have 15.75 quarts of Part A, 6.3 quarts of Part B, and 25.2 quarts of water for a total of 47.25 quarts (11.8 gallons) total.

You would need to mix both Parts A + B (5.5 gallons) and then Parts A + B + Water (11.8 gallons) in multiple buckets.

So simply divide each step in 1/2; Add 3.1 quarts of Part B to ~8 quarts of Part A in two separate buckets.

Each bucket should have ~11 quarts (3 gallons) mixture.

Next you need to mix 1/2 of the total water amount into each bucket (~3 gallons), but since there is already 3 gallons of mixtures in each bucket and the bucket can only hold 5 gallons you will need to split the mixture again before adding the water.

* *

***Once Parts A+B are mixed you will have 90 minuets to spray before curing begins***

* *

**D1 (High Color Enhancement – Top Coat): ***Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*

**D1 (High Color Enhancement – Top Coat):**

*Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*To create a D1 (high color enhancing) mixture you need to first know the total area, in square feet.

For this example we will use 1200 sq.ft.

- To determine how much Cat-5 Part B required divide the area by 190 i.e. (1200 sq. Ft. / 470 ~ 2.5 quarts of Part B)

So to seal (not stabilize sand) for 1200 sq. Ft. of pavers with D1 concentration Cat-5 you need 2.5 quarts of Part B.

- To determine the amount of Part A, you need to multiply the amount of Part B by 2.5 to determine how much Part A you need.

So for this example 2.5 quarts of Part B * 2.5 = 6.3 quarts (~1.5 gallons) of Part A .

Mix Parts A + B together in a 5 gallon bucket making sure to **always add Part B to Part A.** Make sure to mix for 30 seconds with drill mixer; do not whip air into mixture.

- Next you need to add water to complete the mixture to determine that amount of water required you must multiply the amount of Part B by 4 to get the proper amount of water.

For this example 2.5 quarts Part B * 4 = 10 quarts or 2.5 gallons of water. * It is best to use the ultra purified water from our Reverse Osmosis filters*

*Mix the Part A + B + Water mixture for 30 seconds with drill mixer.* **Do not whip air into mixture.**

- Calculate total volume when all parts are mixed together before mixing.

*You need make sure you don’t overflow the bucket before mixing.*

* *

*Remember the bucket only holds 5 gallons total, so you may have to split the recipe in 1/2 to be sure it fits into the bucket.*

* *

For this example you have 6.3 quarts of Part A, 2.5 quarts of Part B, and 10 quarts of water for a total of 18.8 quarts (4.7 gallons) once mixed.

You would not need to split the Part A + B mixture before adding water in this example because 4.7 gallons will fit into a 5 gallon bucket.

**D2 (slight Color Enhancement – Flood Coat): ***Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*

**D2 (slight Color Enhancement – Flood Coat):**

*Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*To create a D2 (slight color enhancing) mixture you need to first know the total area, in square feet.

For this example we will use 1200 sq.ft.

- To determine how much Cat-5 Part B required divide the area by 250 i.e. (1200 sq. Ft. / 250 = 4.8 quarts of Part B)

So to fully flood / soak 1200 sq. Ft. of pavers with D2 concentration Cat-5 you need 4.8 quarts of Part B. Since there are 4 quarts per gallon you need 1.2 gallons of Part B from your kit.

- To determine the amount of Part A, you need to multiply the amount of Part B by 2.5 to determine how much Part A you need.

So for this example 4.8 quarts of Part B * 2.5 = 12 quarts (~3 gallons) of Part A .

Mix Parts A + B together in a 5 gallon bucket making sure to *always add Part B to Part A.*

Make sure to mix for 30 seconds with drill mixer; do not whip air into mixture.

- Next you need to add water to complete the mixture to determine that amount of water required you must multiply the amount of Part B by 6.5 to get the proper amount of water.

For this example 4.8 quarts Part B * 4 = 31.2 quarts or 7.8 gallons of water. * It is best to use the ultra purified water from our Reverse Osmosis filters*

- Calculate total volume when all parts are mixed together before mixing.

- You need make sure you don’t overflow the bucket before mixing them together.

- Remember the bucket only holds 5 gallons total, so you may have to split the recipe in 1/2 to be sure it fits into the bucket.

So for this example you all of parts A+B together 4.8 quarts (1.2 gallons ) of Part B and 12 quarts (~3 gallons) of Part A into only one 5 gallon bucket (3 gallons +1.2 gallons < 5 gallons).

You would need to mix both Parts A + B (4.2 gallons) and then Parts A + B + Water (12 gallons) in multiple buckets.

So simply divide each step in 1/2; Add 1.5 gallons of Part A+ B mix into three separate buckets..

Each bucket should have ~1.4 gallons Part A+B mixture in each.

Next you need to mix 1/3 of the total water amount into each bucket (~2.5 gallons),

*Mix the Part A + B + Water mixture for 30 seconds with drill mixer.* **Do not whip air into mixture.**

***Once Parts A+B are mixed you will have 90 minuets to spray before curing begins***

* *

**D2 (Slight Color Enhancement – Top Coat): ***Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*

**D2 (Slight Color Enhancement – Top Coat):**

*Prior to Mixing any Sealant complete all calculations to be sure you know how man 5 gallons buckets will be needed.*To create a D2 (slight color enhancing) mixture you need to first know the total area, in square feet.

For this example we will use 1200 sq.ft.

- To determine how much Cat-5 Part B required divide the area by 625 i.e. (1200 sq. Ft. / 625 ~ 2 quarts of Part B)

So to seal (not stabilize sand) for 1200 sq. Ft. of pavers with D2 concentration Cat-5 you need 2 quarts of Part B.

So for this example 2 quarts of Part B * 2.5 = 5 quarts (~1.25 gallons) of Part A .

Mix Parts A + B together in a 5 gallon bucket(s) making sure to **always add Part B to Part A.** Make sure to mix for 30 seconds with drill mixer; do not whip air into mixture.

- Next you need to add water to complete the mixture to determine that amount of water required you must multiply the amount of Part B by 6.5 to get the proper amount of water.

For this example 2 quarts Part B * 6.5 = 13 quarts or 3.25 gallons of water. * It is best to use the ultra purified water from our Reverse Osmosis filters*

- Calculate total volume when all parts are mixed together before mixing.

*You need make sure you don’t overflow the bucket before mixing.*

* *

*Remember the bucket only holds 5 gallons total, so you may have to split the recipe in 1/2 or 1/3 to be sure it fits into the 5 gallon bucket.*

* *

For this example you have 5 quarts of Part A, 2 quarts of Part B, and 13 quarts of water for a total of 20 quarts (5 gallons) once mixed.

You still need to split the Part A + B mixture before adding water in this example because 5 gallons will fit not into a 5 gallon bucket.

It will spill when the bucket is moved, split into two buckets to be sure sealant isn’t wasted.

***Once Parts A+B are mixed you will have 90 minuets to spray before curing begins***

**Sealant Application** #

**Sealant Application**

- Insert the suction hose into the 5 gallon bucket of sealant.

- Open pump toolbox and turn on the airflow to the pump via the air valve with the red lever.

- You should not need to adjust the air pressure but if not spraying properly you can increase or decrease the spray pressure via the regulator inside the toolbox.

- Make sure to clean the lines before spraying the hardscape. Simply spray 5-10 seconds into the grass or near by landscaping to be sure only pure sealant is sprayed on the paver stones.

- Start at the far end of the surface, working your way toward the pump sprayer and sealant location.

- Make sure to evenly spray the entire surface; depending if you are spraying a sand stabilizing flood coat or just a surface coat you will need to spray different amounts of material.

- If spraying a flood coat you will need to use a floor squeegee to push the excess sealant into to the joints.

- If spraying a top coat you should not need to use the floor squeegee as there should not be excess sealant puddling on top of the paver stones.

Once finished spraying the entire surface, you will need to quickly clean out the sprayer hoses before the sealant begins to dry

**Clean Up** #

**Clean Up**

- Immediately after finishing spraying the sealant you need to pour 3-5oz of Pinellen cleaning into an empty bucket.

- Fill the bucket 1/4 of the way with water and insert the pump’s suction hose into the bucket.
- Actuate the trigger on the spray wand to pump the cleaner through all the hoses.

- Continue spraying the cleaner until the bucket is empty

- Refill the bucket 1/4 full with clean water

- Insert the suction hose into the clean water and pump the entire bucket of clean water through the pump

- Once the bucket of clean water is empty, allow the suction hose to pump “air” through the hoses.

- Once most of the remaining water has been pumped out through the spray wand, disconnect the feed, suction, and air hoses from the pump tool box

- Make sure to remember to remove the air line adapter from the air hose and place into toolbox for the next application.

Remember to replace the water fed pole quick disconnect coupler on the air feed hose.